Research Database

339 results for "Sedentary Behavior"

Associations of School Day Sedentary Behavior and Physical Activity With Gross Motor Skills: Use of Compositional Data Analysis

  • Published on July 31, 2019

Background To examine the relationships among school day sedentary times (SED), light physical activity (LPA), and moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) with gross motor skills in children using Compositional Data Analysis. Methods Participants were 409 children (mean age = 8.4 [1.8] y) recruited across 5 low-income schools. Gross motor skills were assessed using the ...


Influence of air pollution exposure on adolescents’ objectively-measured physical activity and sedentary behavior

  • Published on July 22, 2019

Abstract Although regular physical activity is recommended for health, highly contaminated air exposure acts to the detriment of the benefits produced in individuals. The purpose of the present study was to compare the accelerometer-measured physical activity and sedentary behavior during the whole day, in-school time, out-of-school time, and school breaks ...


Sedentary behavior compensation to 1‐year exercise RCT in patients with type 2 diabetes

  • Published on July 19, 2019

Abstract The hypothesis that people may increase sedentary behavior (SB), referred to as “compensation” in response to exercise interventions, have raised concern. The evidence on “compensation” is contradictory and mostly derived from moderate‐intensity continuous training (MICT) interventions lasting less than 1 year. The aim was to investigate whether two types ...


Behavioral Predictors of Weight Regain in Postmenopausal Women: Exploratory Results From the Breast Cancer and Exercise Trial in Alberta

  • Published on July 18, 2019

Objective This secondary analysis assessed associations between changes in energy balance and sleep behaviors and the risk of weight regain following exercise‐induced weight loss. Methods Of 400 participants initially randomized in the Breast Cancer and Exercise Trial in Alberta (BETA), 227 lost weight following the moderate‐ to vigorous‐intensity exercise intervention (−4.2 ± 3.6 ...


Exploration of associations between the FTO rs9939609 genotype, fasting and postprandial appetite-related hormones and perceived appetite in healthy men and women

  • Published on July 13, 2019

Background The fat mass and obesity-associated gene (FTO) rs9939609 A-allele has been associated with obesity risk. Although the exact mechanisms involved remain unknown, the FTO rs9939609 A-allele has been associated with an impaired postprandial suppression of appetite. Objectives To explore the influence of FTO rs9939609 genotype on fasting and postprandial ...



A Mobile System to Improve Quality of Life Via Energy Balance in Breast Cancer Survivors (BENECA mHealth): Prospective Test-Retest Quasiexperimental Feasibility Study

  • Published on June 25, 2019

Background Energy balance is defined as the difference between energy expenditure and energy intake. The current state of knowledge supports the need to better integrate mechanistic approaches through effective studies of energy balance in the cancer population because of an observed significant lack of adherence to healthy lifestyle recommendations. To ...


Associations between physical activity and sedentary time profiles transitions and changes in well-being in youth: The UP&DOWN longitudinal study

  • Published on June 25, 2019

Objectives The current study aimed at analyzing the associations between latent transitions based on sedentary time and physical activity levels and changes in Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL), positive affect, and negative affect over two years in children and adolescents. Design Longitudinal design. Methods Participants were 1099 children and adolescents (544 girls) ...


Physical activity change after a promotora-led intervention in low-income Mexican American women residing in South Texas

  • Published on June 19, 2019

Background The purpose of this study was to determine physical activity (PA) preferences associated with increases in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and decrease in sedentary time in Mexican American (MA) women participating in a Promotora (community health worker)-led intervention on the U.S.-Mexico border. Methods Enlace (‘to link’ ...


Patterns of objectively measured sedentary behaviour in adults with intellectual disabilities

  • Published on June 13, 2019

Background The purpose of this study was to investigate the patterns of objectively measured sedentary behaviour in adults with intellectual disabilities. Methods Baseline accelerometer data were pooled from two randomized controlled trials of lifestyle behaviour change programmes for adults with intellectual disabilities. Patterns of sedentary behaviours were computed including total ...